Wednesday Jan 24, 2018

 

Maritime Environment

Officer: Naser Tootchi Fatidehi

Phone Number: 013-44992264

Nowadays, due to the performance of global trade development and increase in goods exchanges among countries, the transportation industry and especially maritime transportation have developed to a level that 80% of global good transportations are done via seas. In IMO, this fact also has resulted in increasing growth of marine navy and a raise in the movements of ships in the sea. In order to boost vessels' safety and also to protect marine environment and channels, and to save people's lives in sea, the Global Maritime Administration has enacted various conventions which would force the member countries to follow a series of standards in order to use marine atransportation.

Two important of these conventions are the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL) and the international convention for Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response and Co-operation (OPRC).

Caspian Sea with a surface area of 438000 km2 is the world's largest lake which is located among Iran, Russia, Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan. The economic relationships of these countries have caused various ships with different usages move among the existed ports which obviously lead to marine incidents and environmental pollution.

Having a provincial plan for oil pollution preparedness, response and co-operation and keeping oil pollution response equipment in stand-by mood would enable the administration to favorably overcome marine incidents which result in oil outflow.

As a national reference for the execution of maritime conventions especially the international Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response and Co-operation (OPRC) convention, Port and Maritime Organization equipped Iran's entire ports, including Anzali Port, with oil pollution response equipment as follow. Possessing the foresaid equipment, it should be said that the administration is ready to cooperate with other northern ports (Noshahr and Amirabad) and even in a regional level with other margin countries' ports besides responding to the oil pollutions in its provincial zone (Astara to Chaboksar).

As a national reference, Port and Maritime Organization has been responsible for the execution of related maritime conventions in Iran and by equipping the ports and also providing especial equipment for oil pollution response, it is trying to follow the necessities mentioned in the foresaid conventions. By having the following equipment, Port and Maritime Organization of Guilan Province is ready to respond to any oil pollution in its provincial zone from Astara to Chaboksar.

Oil pollution response equipment of Port and Maritime Administration of Guilan Province:

  1. Oil spill collector boom of Yasin Dredger.

  2. Oil spill inhibitor boom with a length of 140 meters

  3. A WEIR SKIMMER DESMI Skimmer set with accessories

  4. A DISK SKIMMER VAICOMA Skimmer set with accessories

  5. A blower set to blow the oil spill inhibitor boom

  6. Stable and portable dispersant system (fixed on the vessel)

  7. Oil product sorbent sheets

  8. Coastal tank with the capacity of 80 m3 for the storage of the collected oil material from the sea

  9. Waste material carrying tanker with a capacity of 10 m3

  10. Oil material refinery with a capacity of 14 m3 per day

  11. A 700 m3 barge to collect oil spill in the sea

 

Equipping Anzali Port with the latest oil pollution response equipment

As a national reference for Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response and Co-operation (OPRC), Port and Maritime Organization purchased the latest oil pollution response equipment for Iran's northern and southern ports, including Anzali Port. This was done parallel to the realization of the foresaid convention's goals and boosting oil cleansing operations in the sea in 2004. The equipment entered the Free Trade Zone of Anzali Port via customs in spring 2010 after passing legal import phases; this equipment was delivered to Ports and Maritime Administration of Guilan Province. When Islamic Republic of Iran joined OPRC convention in 1997, the organization had purchased oil pollution response equipment for Anzali Port but due to the insufficiency of the foresaid equipment in heavy oil pollution cases, the organization had to purchase world's latest technology in the field of oil pollution cleansing from Holland in 2004 and have it installed on Yasin dredger by the ship manufacturer company. The existence of such a ship in Caspian Sea has been unique and significant. The increase of discovering and exploiting activities in Caspian Sea and the increase of fuel transit in Iran's northern ports which probably cause oil pollution in the region, the organization was convinced to boost oil pollution cleansing operation by purchasing the latest oil pollution response equipment and to deliver them to Iran's northern ports. Possessing the aforesaid equipment, Anzali Port would have a great co-operation in oil pollution cleansing operations nationally and regionally besides responding to the provincial covered waters' oil pollution. The latest oil pollution response equipment is put into the operational program of the administration as the following table shows

 

 

http://anzaliport.pmo.ir/pso_content/media/image/2009/11/4313_orig.JPG

http://anzaliport.pmo.ir/pso_content/media/image/2009/11/4314_orig.JPG

Yasin Dredger while performing a formal cleansing operation

Oil spill collecting booms of Yasin dredger

http://anzaliport.pmo.ir/pso_content/media/image/2009/11/4315_orig.jpg

http://anzaliport.pmo.ir/pso_content/media/image/2009/11/4316_orig.jpg

DESMI Skimmer with a capaciy of collecting 70 m3 oil spill per hour

VAICOMA Skimmer with a capacity of collecting 30 m3 oil spill per hour

http://anzaliport.pmo.ir/pso_content/media/image/2009/11/4317_orig.JPG

mohit zist_0007

A 700 m3 barge for the storage of collected oil spills by the skimmer

An Oil spill inhibitor boom with a length of 140 meters

 

 

 

http://anzaliport.pmo.ir/pso_content/media/image/2009/11/4320_orig.jpg

mohit zist_0564

Shahid Asadi tow dispersant system

A blower to blow  the oil spill inhibitor boom

mohit zist_110

mohit zist_0560

An industrial refinery with a capacity of refining 14 m3 oil waste per day

A portable dispersant to remove oil spill in small dimensions

mohit zist_104

mohit zist_008

2 oil waste storage tankers with a capacity of 40 tons

located besides the industrial refinery

A tanker with a capacity of 10 tons to carry oil waste to the industrial refinery

 

 

 

Equipping Anzali Port with the latest oil pollution response equipment

As a national reference for Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response and Co-operation (OPRC), Port and Maritime Organization purchased the latest oil pollution response equipment for Iran's northern and southern ports, including Anzali Port. This was done parallel to the realization of the foresaid convention's goals and boosting oil cleansing operations in the sea in 2004. The equipment entered the Free Trade Zone of Anzali Port via customs in spring 2010 after passing legal import phases; this equipment was delivered to Ports and Maritime Administration of Guilan Province. When Islamic Republic of Iran joined OPRC convention in 1997, the organization had purchased oil pollution response equipment for Anzali Port but due to the insufficiency of the foresaid equipment in heavy oil pollution cases, the organization had to purchase world's latest technology in the field of oil pollution cleansing from Holland in 2004 and have it installed on Yasin dredger by the ship manufacturer company. The existence of such a ship in Caspian Sea has been unique and significant. The increase of discovering and exploiting activities in Caspian Sea and the increase of fuel transit in Iran's northern ports which probably cause oil pollution in the region, the organization was convinced to boost oil pollution cleansing operation by purchasing the latest oil pollution response equipment and to deliver them to Iran's northern ports. Possessing the aforesaid equipment, Anzali Port would have a great co-operation in oil pollution cleansing operations nationally and regionally besides responding to the provincial covered waters' oil pollution. The latest oil pollution response equipment is put into the operational program of the administration as the following table shows

:

 

 

NEW OIL RECOVERY EQUIPMENT-ANZALI PORT

1

equipment

2

Inshore boom(200m) + reels + power pack 5.2 kw

3

River boom(300m) + reels + power pack 5.2 kw

4

Spare boom reels

5

Weir skimmers + power pack 42 kw + reels

6

brush skimmers + power pack 42 kw + reels

7

Disk skimmers ( large ) + power pack 25 kw + reels

8

Disk skimmers ( small ) + power pack 15 kw + reels

9

مصرفی sorbent booms (m)

10

مصرفی sorbent sheets (m)

11

25 m3 floating tank

12

10 m3 floating tank

13

Inflators ( blowers)

14

Oil transfer pump : for high viscosity

15

Water pump

16

Cleaning and washing equipment

17

 Container + Boom storage racks

18

Ac diesel electric generators