Introduction of maritime communication and tele communications
The Expert of the Maritime Tele communications: Mr. Mehran Timargoon
Phone Number: 013 – 44 99 22 55
According to the SOLAS (Safety of Life at Sea) convention, every member of the Global Maritime Organization should provide coastal equipment in order to offer radio communication services with ships. Considering the importance of this action and according to the paragraph 6 of the article 3 of the organization's by-law regarding the management of telecommunication networks in the coast and sea, in order to contact the ships and subordinate ports, the Ports and Maritime Organization considered it as a responsibility of the organization and has been trying to establish coastal maritime communication stations with the aim of improving the maritime safety and performing its sovereignty duties. Therefore, maritime telecommunication of Anzali Port has also been enabled from the very beginning of the port's establishment and has been providing radio and telephone radio services for the ships. It has also been managing the operations regarding the arrivals, departures and berthing of the ships. In 1995, according to the Standards of Global Maritime Organization, GMDSS Radio equipment was installed in Anzali Port on the frequency band of MF/HF in order to receive and send DSC (Digital Selective Calling) emergency messages from the ships.
Today, the utilizing of vessels traffic service has had an increasing growth in high traffic maritime zones and has been turned into a necessity. Technology advancements and the necessity for receiving instant information in order to have coordinated vessel movements and matters such as marine security and safety, saving people's lives in marine incidents and protecting the environment make it necessary to use the so called service.
Utilizing of the new software and hardware systems in order to apply safe and accurate supervising and guidance to vessel units and considering the International Maritime Laws is called the Maritime Traffic Service
Daily broadcasting of weather and sea status at 09:00 a.m. and 05:00 p.m. according to the local time via VHF on the channel 67, for the entire vessels trafficking in the zone.
Broadcasting weather forecasts via SMS to the cell-phones of the commanders of fishing vessels and the agents of maritime organizations.
Providing radio and telephone radio services on MF/HF and VHF bands for the ships.
Receiving marine safety messages and emergency messages on MF/HF and VHF bands from the ships in distress and performing the related actions (in case of needing any help and dispatching search and rescue units to the zone etc).
Receiving e-mails announcing the arrivals of ships and also sending those e-mails to the authorities and related sectors for subsequent actions.
Constant collaborating with the administration of channel safety as the center of marine search and rescue regarding the operations related to the marine search and rescue.
Services provided by Maritime Traffic Control Centre:
Planning, controlling and supervising on the traffics of the vessels.
Providing maritime safety and marine security of the covered zone.
Collaborating in the rescue operation of the distressed vessels in the zone.
Accurate supervising on the execution of local and international laws.
Utilizing radars in adverse weather in order to provide secure conduct for the ships.
Supervising and controlling the traffic of trading ships entering the port is one of the most important tasks of Maritime Traffic Service that has direct relationship with the increasing of efficiency, performance, and the income of the port. According to the instruction, when a ship enters the VTS covered zone, it moves towards the anchorage announced by the Maritime Traffic Control Centre. Having berthed in the specified point, it announces the end of berthing operation. Finally, it is registered in the radar guard by the Traffic Control officers.