Location of Astara Port
Astara is situated on the western coast of
Caspian Sea, on the northernmost part of Guilan province. Astara lies on the
last borderline between Iran and Azerbaijan Republic. This city is
located in center of Great Talesh, southern Talesh in Iran and northern Talesh
in Azerbaijan Republic. Its latitude is N
38° 25' 45" and its longitude is E 48° 52' 19".
Eastwards, Astara reaches to Caspian Sea. Northwards, Astara
reaches to Azerbaijan Republic. Westwards, it reaches to Ardabil province and
southwards it reaches to Talesh city in Guilan province. Astarachay separates
Iran's Astara from Azerbaijan Republic's Astara. Astara-Ardabil road is almost
in parallel with this river. Except Turkish language, Taleshi language is also
common in Astara. Its southern road reaches to Anzali Port, its northern road
reaches to Aran, and its western road reaches to Heyran Neck in Ardabil
This port was built in 1996. It was mainly
built as a port for fishing, trading, and travelling services. It has two
separated docks: one for fishing and the second for other functions. The first
dock has just been completed and used for fishery but the breakwater for the
second dock has not been completed yet.
After the extinction of Kilka, the fishery
activities of Astara port have been stopped which means that the heavy
financial sources spent on building breakwaters, harbors, buildings, and
dredging operations have been useless. Instead, the port became a haven for
naval ships. Due to the geographical location of Astara, its
closeness to Zanjan, Eastern and Western Azerbaijan, Ardabil, on the one hand,
and the positive role of the port in city development on the other hand, the
need for port reforms in the field of tourism and trade have become clearer.
Therefore, based on the enactment no. 36895/166265 dated 4.3.2007 of the
Cabinet, the application of the harbors existing in the province has been
approved in cooperation with the Ministry of Roads and Urban Development.
The contract of Astara port was approved by the
board of Directors of Ports and Maritime Organization in 13.12.2008 and was
announced to the Ports and Maritime Authority of Guilan Province in 13.12.2008.
Among 13 companies, Kaveh Ports and Maritime Services Company won the bid for
the management of this port for a period of 40 years following an announcement
In 17.4.2009, in a ceremony attended by the
respected Minister of Roads and Urban Development, the governor of Guilan
province, the managing director of the Ports and Marine Authority of
Guilan Province, and some other persons in charge, the management of this port
was handed over to Kaveh Company for a period of 40 years.